OECD defines CAHRAs as the areas where there is a presence of armed conflict, widespread violence, or other risks of harm to people. Unlike the covered countries, CAHRAs (Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas) may not encompass entire countries and thus represents the word “areas”.

Previously the DRC and the 9 adjoining countries were the only targeted countries that needed special attention. Now the Conflict Minerals regulation has taken a step forward to cope up with the illegal mining and human rights abuses by including an indicative, non-exhaustive list of CAHRAs that may encompass areas all over the globe rather than areas from targeted countries or regions.

Indicative: Would include areas/countries that are currently affected or have a possibility to be affected by conflict and illegal activities.

Non-Exhaustive: Every area across the globe affected by any form of conflict and illegal activities will not be included in the list. Companies operating outside the areas that aren’t listed would also have to comply with the regulation.

This list is regularly updated by the RAND Europe project team every quarter appointed by the European Commission Directorate-General for Trade (DG TRADE). The very first list of CAHRAs has been published on December 16th, 2020.

Reference: https://www.cahraslist.net/cahras


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